A tale about barely holding on.

The Sumatran tiger is found exclusively on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, the last stronghold for tigers in Indonesia.

Tigers were also once widespread on Bali and Java; however these two subspecies were exterminated in the 20th century. The last observation in Bali dates back to the late 1930s, and the Javan tiger was recorded for the last time during a survey in 1976. There have been no confirmed records since.

Accelerating deforestation and rampant poaching across the Sumatran tiger’s range mean that unless authorities enforce the law, the Sumatran tiger will shortly follow the fate of its Javan and Balinese relatives.

Working in collaboration with other leading conservation organizations in Sumatra and local governments, the WWF has set precedents in “tiger wins”, including successfully lobbying corporate partners and the government to declare an important area, Tesso Nilo, as a National Park.

Physical Description

The smallest of tigers, the Sumatran tiger has heavy black stripes on an orange background.


Males weigh 100-140 kg, and females, 75-110 kg. They can reach a height of 60cm, and a length of 250cm.


Biogeographic realm

Range States
Indonesia (Sumatra)

Geographical Location
Western Indonesia

Ecological Region
Sumatran Islands Lowland and Montane Forests, Sundaland Rivers and Swamps


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